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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy versus Psychodynamic Therapy for major depression….

Research posted on the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology has highlighted evidence to support the efficaciousness of psychodynamic psychotherapy as an evidence-based intervention.

The randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of cognitive–behavioral therapy and psychodynamic therapy for adult outpatient depression (341 Dutch adults meeting the DSM–IV criteria for major depressive episode and with a HAM-D score ≥14) on measures of psychopathology, interpersonal functioning, pain, and quality of life. Participants were randomized to 16 sessions of individual manualized cognitive behavioural therapy or short-term psychodynamic supportive psychotherapy. Severely depressed patients (HAM-D >24) received additional antidepressant medication according to a protocol. The outcome measures included the Brief Symptom Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Outcome Questionnaire, a visual analogue scale for pain, and EuroQol.

The study significantly highlights psychodynamic therapy to be at least as efficacious as cognitive behavioural therapy for depression on important aspects of patient functioning other than depressive symptom reduction.

Link to research paper: