On Being Sane in Insane Places…

It is clear that we cannot distinguish the sane from the insane in psychiatric hospitals. The hospital itself imposes a special environment in which the meanings of behavior can easily […]

Is Mood related to serotonin…

A meta-analysis of serotonin studies, conducted at the University of Amsterdam, has shown that low serotonin does not act as a depressant because when it was lowered in healthy individuals […]

Breathing-based meditation for depressive-disorder…

A breathing-based meditation practice alleviated severe depression in individuals who did not fully respond to antidepressant treatments, reports a study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry from researchers in the Perelman […]

Efficacy of CBT…

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) refers to a popular therapeutic approach that has been applied to a variety of problems. The below mentioned review provides a comprehensive survey of meta-analyses examining […]

What Is…

CBT is based on the cognitive model of mental illness, initially developed by Beck (1964). In its simplest form, the cognitive model ‘hypothesises that people’s emotions and behaviours are influenced […]

Did You Know… #55

In recent years, discoveries have found that OCD symptoms can be caused by strep C throat infections. When children with strep throat became compulsive hand-washers, MRI scans showed their caudates […]

CBT efficacy for schizophrenia…

Meta-analyses examining the efficacy of psychological treatments for schizophrenia revealed a beneficial effect of CBT on positive symptoms (i.e., delusions and/or hallucinations) of schizophrenia (Gould et al., 2001; Rector & […]

Brain Based Approach to Trauma…

  Conceptualising the clinical options one may wish to consider whilst with a client who has experienced trauma. Reference: https://www.nicabm.com/

Music Therapy and Music Neuroscience…

The therapeutic potential of musical activity has been evidenced by neuroscience methods in relation to effects between common areas of processing between speech, memory, attention and motor activity (Schlaug et […]

Did You Know… #54

Deep breathing is linked to positive emotion and the ability to manage anxiety (Borkovec & Sharpless, 2004). Reference: Borkovec, T.D., & Sharpless, B. (2004). Generalized anxiety disorder: Bringing cognitive-behavioral therapy […]

Did You Know… #53

Researchers (Young, Lareau, and Pierre) calculated that in the DSM-5 there are 270 million combinations of symptoms that would meet the criteria for both PTSD and major depressive disorder. Reference: G. Young, […]

Did You Know… #52

Olbert and colleagues (2014) reported considerable heterogeneity within the criteria of individual diagnoses, showing that in the majority of diagnoses in both DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 (64% and 58.3% respectively), two people […]

Did You Know… #51

There is a stark difference between highly specific diagnostic criteria and those with more flexibility around symptom presentation. As a result, there are almost 24,000 possible symptom combinations for panic […]

The efficacy of psychodynamic psychotherapy?

Empirical evidence has supported the efficacy of psychodynamic therapy. For instance, patients who receive psychodynamic therapy maintain therapeutic gains and appear to continue to improve after treatment ends. Furthermore, non psychodynamic therapies may […]

Did You Know… #50

The type of voices people who suffer from schizophrenia are hearing depends on where they live. Clinical studies show that people who have auditory hallucinations in Africa and India describe […]

Did You Know… #49

Morrow at el., (2019) reckon at least 80% of communication is in observable non-verbal behaviour, particularly facio-manual gesturing. 

Wise Words… #58

“I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.” ~ MAYA ANGELOU

Wise Words… #57

“A man found an eagle’s egg and put it in a nest of a barnyard hen. The eaglet hatched with the brood of chicks and grew up with them. All […]

Attachment Theory…

A link to a brief introduction to attachment theory, as well as information pertaining the Harry Harlow monkey experiments, the stages of attachment, and Konrad Lorenz’s imprinting theory: https://www.simplypsychology.org/attachment.html  

Wise Words… #52

“If I accept the fact that my relationships are here to make me conscious, instead of happy, then my relationships become a wonderful self mastery tool that keeps realigning me […]

Values Questionnaire…

1. What people do I admire or consider role models in my life? 2. What are some common qualities of the people I admire? 3. What is one value that […]

Multiple Sclerosis Report…

The below mentioned report outlines recommendations on the diagnosis, therapeutic strategies and improving access to treatment in Multiple Sclerosis. The core recommendation pertains to the goal of treating MS should be based […]

Did You Know… #47

Jones and Pulos (1993) looked at the process in thirty brief psychodynamic sessions and thirty-two sessions of CBT. They found that better outcome in CBT was not predicted by cognitiv […]

Brain Stimulation for Depressive Symptoms…

A new research study by researchers at the University of California San Francisco has found patients with moderate to severe depression reported significant improvements in mood when researchers precisely stimulated […]

Three Shades of Depression…

Researchers from the Neural Computational Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University in collaboration with their colleagues at Nara Institute of Science and Technology and clinicians […]

Cognitive Rehabilitation for Multiple Sclerosis…

The presented review evaluates the effects of cognitive (neuropsychological) rehabilitation in Multiple Sclerosis. This was done by considering the effects of rehabilitation on cognitive test performance and everyday cognitive performance […]

Social Anxiety Disorder…

Our understanding of social anxiety disorder (also known as social phobia) has moved from rudimentary awareness that it is not merely shyness to a much more extreme and persistent fear of […]

Borderline Personality Disorder…

Borderline Personality Disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by marked impulsivity, instability of mood and interpersonal relationships, and suicidal behaviour that can complicate medical care. Link to reading: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK55400/  

Discovery of new inflammatory inhibitor…

A research team from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed an anti-inflammatory drug molecule with a new mechanism of action. By inhibiting a certain protein (such as TNF alpha), the […]

Guillain-Barré Syndrome…

A guide pertaining to Guillain-Barré syndrome – an uncommon illness causing weakness and loss of sensation. The guide is intended for patients who have been told that they have, or may have Guillain-Barré […]

Multiple Sclerois …

More than 100 years have passed since Charcot, Carswell, Cruveilheir, and others described the clinical and pathological characteristics of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). MS is a chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative disorder […]

Understanding Addiction…

The disease of chemical dependency can be traced to neural pathways in the brain predating a diagnosis of addiction. A genetic predisposition alone is not enough to predict addiction. Typically, […]

Can pessimism be cure?

A research team, led by MIT’s McGovern Institute research affiliates Kenichi Amemori and Satoko Amemori, has found that the primate caudate nucleus (as part of the striatum region located in […]

55% recovery from schizophrenia…

The study, conducted by the University of Oslo’s Department of Psychology, followed about 30 young people diagnosed with schizophrenia, all of whom were recruited to the study within 5 months […]

Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale

The Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (TMAS) is a test of anxiety as a personality trait. The link below directs you to a page in which you can inquire about your behavior […]

Can probiotics fend off mood disorders?

A new study by University of Colorado Boulder researchers suggests that one particular beneficial bacteria can have long-lasting anti-inflammatory effects on the brain, making it more resilient to the physical […]

The Science of Cognitive Therapy…

A relatively short-term form of psychotherapy based on the concept that the way we think about things affects how we feel emotionally. Cognitive therapy (CT) focuses on present thinking, behavior, and […]

Did You Know… #45

In a randomised control trial – patients who rated their clinician as showing greater empathy had reduced common-cold severity and and duration, and increases in immune response levels.

Personality changes linked to unemployment…

Unemployment may change peoples’ core personalities, making some less conscientious, agreeable and open, which may make it difficult for them to find new jobs, according to research published by the American […]

Personality changes linked to unemployment…

Unemployment may change peoples’ core personalities, making some less conscientious, agreeable and open, which may make it difficult for them to find new jobs, according to research published by the American […]

Positive Psychology…

A 2006 paper considering; What positive psychology is? Where it has come from? And Where it is going? Link to paper: Positive psychology

Did You Know… #45

Suicide is the 14th leading cause of death worldwide, responsible for 1.5 per cent of all mortality and it is the leading cause of death among young and middle-aged men […]

Art courses for mental wellbeing improvement…

Researchers from the University of Gloucestershire have recently evaluated data from nearly 1,300 primary care patients in South West England, finding a course of arts-on-prescription to provide a significant improvement in […]

Did You Know… #44

Approximately one-fifth of adult patients with MDD were treated with an antipsychotic medication between 2006 and 2015. The rate of prescribing an antipsychotic medication to treat MDD increased from 18.5% […]

Did You Know… #43

A study in 2014 from St. Michael’s Hospital and the Institute of Clinical Evaluative Science in Toronto indicated that women are more likely to seek out psychological counselling during a […]