Researchers (Young, Lareau, and Pierre) calculated that in the DSM-5 there are 270 million combinations of symptoms that would meet the criteria for both PTSD and major depressive disorder. Reference: G. Young, C. Lareau, B. Pierre (2014). One quintillion ways to have PTSD comorbidity: recommendations for the disordered DSM-5. Psychol. Inj. Law, 7 (2014), pp. 61-74.
Olbert and colleagues (2014) reported considerable heterogeneity within the criteria of individual diagnoses, showing that in the majority of diagnoses in both DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 (64% and 58.3% respectively), two people could receive the same diagnosis without sharing any common symptoms. Reference: C. M. Olbert, G. J. Gala, L.A. Tupler (2014). Quantifying heterogeneity attributable to polythetic diagnostic... Continue Reading →
There is a stark difference between highly specific diagnostic criteria and those with more flexibility around symptom presentation. As a result, there are almost 24,000 possible symptom combinations for panic disorder in the DSM-5, compared with just one possible combination for social phobia (Galatzer-Levy and Bryant, 2013). Reference: I. R. Galatzer-Levy, and R. A. Bryant (2013). 1636,120 Ways... Continue Reading →
"There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside of you" ~ MARY ANGELOU
“Until you make the unconscious conscious, it will direct your life and you will call it fate.” CARL JUNG
Conventional magnetic resonance imaging measures available in routine clinical practice may be useful in counselling patients with clinically isolated syndrome and early multiple sclerosis about long-term disease course and might be helpful in personalizing treatment plans. Link to paper: https://academic.oup.com/brain/article/142/8/2276/5537631